Biostimulation of soil polluted by 40000 ppm of waste motor oil and phytoremediation with Cicer arietinum and Burkholderia cepacia

Meza-Ramírez Janitzi Yunuén

Abstract


Soil polluted by 40000 ppm of waste residual oil (WRO), is a relative high hydrocarbons mix concentration according
to Mexican regulation related with as the well know NOM-138-SEMARNAT/SSA1-2003 (NOM-138). Due to cause
lost soil´s fertility, inhibiting microbial life and reducing vegetal production. To NOM-138 the highest limit of hydrocarbons
mix allowed in soil is equal to 4400 ppm/kg. Aims of this research were: i) Biostimulation of soil polluted by
40000 ppm of WRO by vermicompost and/or bovine compost, ii) Phytoremediation by Cicer arietinum and Burkholderia
cepacia to reduce WRO at below value compared to highest according to NOM-138. Results showed that biostimulation
of soil with bovine compost eliminated WRO at 24000 ppm in 49 days. Then phytoremediation by C.
arietinum and B. cepacia decreased WRO at 2760 ppm value below to compare to highest concentration allowed to
NOM-138. It´s concluded that bioremediation of soil impacted by relatively high concentration of WRO, the best
strategy was to apply both biostimulation/phytoremediation that separate.

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Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society, ISSN: 2072-9294

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Teaching & Biochemistry and Microbiology Investigation Department.

Carmen Pampa Rural Academic Unit.

“San Pablo” Catholic Bolivian University

Coroico - Nor Yungas – La Paz, Bolivia.