Adaptation of indeterminate tomato hybrids [Solanum lycopersicum L. (Mill.)] under greenhouse conditions

Gabriel Julio

Abstract


Were evaluated 11 hybrids of indeterminate tomato company by ENZA ZADEN and a witness of the company
SEMINIS, under greenhouse and laboratory with the objectives of: i) evaluate and participatory select 11 new
hybrids of indeterminate tomato company ENZA ZADEN by adaptation, agronomic and health in the crop cycle, in
harvest and post-harvest and ii) implement farmers with entrepreneurial characteristics, business participatory
hybrids selected indeterminate tomatoes. The results showed that varieties with higher number of fruits and yield
were Shannon and Afamia between type beef (round) and Granadero between pears. The round varieties had a
higher average yield of pears. Pears are a number of varieties had higher than average round fruits. There was a high positive correlation between the number of fruits and yield both pears and round. The varieties with higher
fruit weight were Bruni (between the round) and Centenario, Granadero and (from pears). Fruit weight in time is
reduced linearly for all varieties except Corleone. The round variety with greater firmness fruit was Shannon. There
was no difference in firmness between the pears. The firmness of fruit reduced linearly time for Bruni, Elpida,
Hechicero, Rally, Centenario, Corleone and varieties and reduces linearly but increases quadratically for Maradona
and Shannon varieties. The varieties that reduced fruit firmness were slower Corleone, Centenario and Afamia. The
varieties with lower pH were Afamia (between the rounds) and Centenario and Granadero (from pears). The pH
increases over time in linear form in all varieties. The varieties with higher content of Brix were Hechicero,
Afamia, Granadero, Elpida, Rally, Maradona and Sebatina (between the rounds) and Corleone (from pears). Brix
content increases linearly over time in all varieties. There were high and positive significant correlations between
Brix and pH; weight and firmness of fruit. Participatory selection of varieties Elpida, Rally (round), Centenario and
Policarpo (Pears), which are now commercially that, are taking place in the greenhouses of El Paso in Cochabamba
was achieved.

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Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society, ISSN: 2072-9294

Indexed in: SciELO

Teaching & Biochemistry and Microbiology Investigation Department.

Carmen Pampa Rural Academic Unit.

“San Pablo” Catholic Bolivian University

Coroico - Nor Yungas – La Paz, Bolivia.